The US Geological Survey (USGS) cited estimates of the methane (CH4) trapped in global methane hydrate (aka methane clathrate, Fire Ice, etc.) deposits are 3600 times more than the 2016 US consumption of natural gas. The 2016 US consumption of natural gas (natural gas is mostly methane), according to Donn Dears, was 27.5×10^12 cubic feet.
The estimate of trapped gas in the deposits ranges from 10^17 to 5×10^18 cubic feet*. Those are estimates and further those estimates probably include some amount of methane hydrate that will never be economical to produce. Even so, oil reserves that were supposed to have peaked many years ago, keep growing because of new technology. eg. Fracking. So, who knows?
*(For the non-engineer or scientist that might not know how much that is, it can be restated as 1 followed by 17 zeros to 5 followed by 18 zeros cubic feet of natural gas.)
Where are the hydrate deposits found?
Methane hydrate deposits are found (or predicted) to be associated with continental margins and onshore permafrost areas. The chart below global areas where deposits are to be found.
First, let’s discuss where the methane originates. Methane is largely produced by micro-organisms that act on the plankton that has accumulated deep in the ocean floor sediments. In the upper layers of the sediment where the temperature and pressure are suitable, the rising CH4 bubbles are captured in very cold water and the hydrate is formed. While methane produced biogenically is considered the most widespread source, there is another source. Thermogenic methane is produced where high pressures and high temperatures cook organic matter.
An iceberg as big as Delaware! For those of you that are saying, “what’s a Delaware,?” — it is the second smallest State of the USA’s 50 States. Even so, an iceberg that big is really impressive. If it ran into the Titanic, the ship’s orchestra would probably not have had time to play for the people before the ship sank. (That’s from the movie– I am not sure the orchestra really played while the ship sank.)
Around 12 July this year, this huge piece of ice broke off from the Larson C ice shelf in Antarctica. The iceberg, named A68, has an area of 5800 km² (2239 miles²). The authorities say it is the 5th largest berg in history. Because the continent of Antarctica is so inhospitable, it wasn’t till 1821 when an American seal hunter became the first person to actually put foot on this continent. History, in this instance, is very short.
Al Gore’s new documentary titled “An Inconvenient Sequel: Truth to Power” opened on July 28 with a limited engagement. Beginning in August, the documentary will be opening in many theaters. I don’t know how many, as it has not been getting great reviews, but it will be in many more than the initial 4 theaters.
The critics being mostly being quite liberal tend to give this kind of movie a big “thumbs up”. Science has little to do with their ratings of a movie like this, because they are sure if Al Gore produced it, it must all be true. However, the liberal website, VOX said, “Even An Inconvenient Sequel seems a little light on facts at times.” Many of the movie reviewers said it was, in effect, boring. Maybe that was reflected in the boxofficemojo data published on Sunday, 30 July. That they said ticket sales for the first day were $61,000, the second day were $43,000 and today (the third day) were $26,000 might reflect the boring viewpoint.
But Gore did receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 for his first film, didn’t he? Yes, he did. However, it was the same Nobel Peace Prize Committee that presented the award to the newly elected Barrack Obama before he got into office. They awarded the Peace Prize to Yasser Arafat of the PLO, too. That Committee has a very transparent political agenda. It has very little to do with peace.
But never fear gentle reader, Al Gore will not let you down.
Bjorn Lomborg’s comments on just a few of Al Gore’s many prediction misses in his posting “Al Gore’s Climate Sequel Misses A Few Inconvenient Facts”:
Posted in AGW, Al Gore, CO2, glaciers, Global Temperatures, Ice Melt, IPCC, Paris Agreement, President Trump, radical environmentalists, Sea Ice, Sea Level
The polar bear became the symbol of the catastrophic effect of “global warming” in 2005. “Photo shopped” scenes of bears starving and floating away on an ice floe were ubiquitous. It was said the bears were on the brink of extinction.
But the warmers were wrong. Though the Arctic Sea Ice coverage has diminished over the recent years, it has not meant the demise of the polar bears. The polar bear population has increased by 33% since 2005. The YouTube video explains why the warmers were wrong.
Several years ago, a very prominent polar bear spotter and scientist, recognized that the polar bear numbers were growing, was disinvited to a UN sponsored meeting to discuss this topic. They did not want any facts get in their way, so the narrative of the bears nearing extinction was unabated. Now most of the authorities agree that the bears are not on the verge of extinction.
Russian ice breakers escorted cargo ships from Archangel to Pervek on an Arctic Ocean trip beginning on 14 December 2016 and arriving on 7 January 2017. It was thought that the temperature and the condition of the ice were such that they could make the return trip. But they did not get far before they were stopped by very thick ice. They had aerial surveys made of the of the route back to Archangel and concluded that it would not be passable for the cargo ships. The map of the area of the Arctic Ocean were the ship traveled is shown below:
Map courtesy of The Siberian Times.
From The Siberian Times comes this quote:
“But now a spokesman for Rosmorport has announced the icebreakers will delay a return until probably May or early June. ‘The vessels will remain for the winter because of the very heavy severe ice conditions,’ he said.
All the vessel got out of the ice, and three of them – Captain Dranitsyn and the two cargo ships – returned to Pevek. The Admiral Makarov moved further east to continue working for Rosmorport in clearing sea routes.
Officials said the icebreakers could have gone further through the ice but there was ‘a very high risk of significant damage’ to the supply ships, and it was decided to postpone the return to Archangelsk.”
I guess the North-West Passage is still not open for business. Hard to believe because that famous guru, Al Gore said the Arctic Ocean would be ice free by 2010. And isn’t he the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for such prized predictions as that one.
As an aside, I often forget how small the distance between Russia and the United States (State of Alaska) is. During the last glacial era, that point is said to be the “land bridge” that began the population of North America.
ClimateChangeDispatch posted “Global Warming and Plate Climatology Theory” on 7 October 2014. The posting was written by James Edward Kamis, a Geologist who says he believes there is a probable connection between Geology and Climate. He begins this discussion of his theory by saying:
“The Sun, quite obviously, is the first order driver of Earth’s climate, but a much neglected second order driver can contribute significantly to short-term variations. The theory proposed herein is that periods of active Earth tectonism can be correlated to periods of active climate change and climate related events.
Increased global tectonic activity equates to more faulting and crustal plate movement, which leads to more global heat release from faults, fractures and volcanoes that are more active.
Altered heat input equates to climate change.
James Delingpole is a Brit that writes for Brietbart.com. He has a sharp mind that he uses to take the obvious and throw it back at the pretenders often with good humor. Somewhat like Mark Steyn. They are a formidable pair and I am glad they are on our side.
The Delingpole posting that I want to discuss was written before the COP21 Paris meeting of the massive group of hanger-ons that go to these conferences on stopping global warming. But, the points he makes in this posting “Twelve Reasons Why The Paris Climate Talks Are A Total Waste” are essentially timeless within the current discussion of the catastrophic man-made global warming theory.
I may summarize the discussion in some of the twelve reasons. So I do recommend that you link to his original posting to read the reasons in their entirety. Don’t ignore the links that are included in this listing.
1 There has been no ‘global warming’ since 1997.
So, of all the children round the world currently being taught in schools about the perils of man-made global warming, not a single one has lived through a period in which the planet was actually warming
Posted in AGW, China, Climate Alarmism, ClimateGate, CO2, Coal, Drought, Global Temperatures, Hurricanes, Ice Melt, IPCC, Ocean Acidification, Sea Ice, Sea Level, Solar Cycle 24, sun and climate