Monthly Archives: February 2010

IPCC Must Go!. Part 2-Global Temperature Manipulation


There are many examples of manipulation of temperature data.   In this posting,  I will give you a number of recent examples.   Lets begin by discussing the scientists and their organizations that have been manipulating the data.

Fabulists—scientists who are willing to alter data to serve their cause.

The predicate of AWG is unprecedented global warming; meaning the recent warming is greater than the historic rate of natural warming since the last glacial period.  This “observed” deviation from natural warming is assigned to increased carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. CO2 is chosen because they say there is no change in any other forcing agent, QED it must be CO2.   The observations come principally from land-based temperature monitoring stations around the world.  The data from these stations are collected, and massaged into a value that shows how much the global temperature has changed from some arbitrary standard.  The amount of the change is called an anomaly.   (The infamous Hockey Stick temperature graph was a work of the group of people that supply the anomalies.)

It has long been know that the temperature anomalies put together by the Climate Research Unit (CRU) in England, and by the two United States suppliers, Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) and National Climate Data Center (NCDC) have been massaged to the point that they could be considered unrecognizable.  But their allies in the mainstream media never showed the public these analyses.  Fortunately, the skeptics have gained some traction and the word is getting out.

In the following,  there is a reference to the  Urban Heat Island Effect (UHIE).  We all know that as population increases, the immediate area experiences higher temperatures from the higher level of activities and the effect of many heat-absorbing objects in the city.   A point of fact is that more than half the population of the world lives in cities that cover about 3% of the land surface.   Thus most of the rest of the 97% does not experience the heat caused by large populations.  And when you consider that only 30% of the Earth surface is land, the rest being water, the 3% is about 1% of the total global area.  How much weight do you think you should you give it when matching it with the rest of the temperature data.

Dr. Long’s has a posting that allows you to  see how NCDC manages this relationship. Lets look at his  recent analysis:

CONTIGUOUS U. S. TEMPERATURE TRENDS USING NCDC RAW AND ADJUSTED DATA FOR ONE-PER-STATE RURAL AND URBAN STATION SETS

by Edward R. Long, Ph.D

Long introduces the topic by saying:

“The Goddard Institute for Space science (GISS), the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and centers processing satellite data, such as the University of Alabama at Huntsville (UAH), have published temperature and rate of temperature change for the Contiguous United States, or ‘Lower 48’.  (I know some of you are wondering what happened to the rest of the 57 states.)

oC oF
Contiguous 48, GISS (Ref 1) 0.55 0.95
Contiguous 48, NCDC (Ref 2) 0.69 1.25

Both GISS and NCDC have been criticized for their station selections and the protocols they use for adjusting raw data, (Ref 3 – 5). GISS, over a 10-year period has modified their data by progressively lowering temperature values for far-back dates and raising those in the more recent past (Ref 3). These changes have caused their 2000 reporting of a 0.35 oC/century in 2000 to increase to 0.44 oC/century in 2009, a 26-percent increase. NCDC’s protocols for adjusting raw data for missing dates, use of urban locations, relocations, etc. has led to an increase in the rate of temperature change for the Contiguous U. S., for the period from 1940 to 2007, from a 0.1 oC/century for the raw data to a 0.6 oC/century, for the adjusted data (Ref 4). {emphasis added by Cbdakota} Whether or not these changes are intentional, or the consequence of a questionable protocol, has been and continues to be, discussed. This paper does not intend to add to the speculation of which but rather to determine the rate of change for the Contiguous U.S. from the two NCDC data sets, raw and adjusted, from meteorological stations, based on a rural and an urban stations locations, and comment on the result.”

In Long’s posting on the AmericanThinkerBlog  he said the following about his methodology and results:

“We selected two sets of meteorological stations (48 each, with one station per each of the lower 48 states) from the NCDC master list. The stations in one set were at rural locations — a rural set. The stations in the other set were at urban locations — an urban set. The NCDC latitude and longitude station coordinates were used to “fly over” the locations on a computer, using a GPS map application to confirm the rural and urban characteristics. For each of the 96 stations, the NCDC’s raw and adjusted temperature data were entered into a spreadsheet application and studied. The “raw” data are the annual average temperatures of the measured data. The “adjusted” data are the annual average temperatures the NCDC derived from the raw data by making a set of “corrective” assumptions for time of day, type of instrument, etc. and guessing the temperature at stations for missing data based on temperatures of other stations at the same latitude and/or region. For a more in-depth understanding of the NCDC protocols for converting raw data to adjusted data, click here. A summary of the findings is in the following table.  The values in the table show that the NCDC’s rate of increase of temperature, 0.69oC/century, is based on an over-selection of stations with urban locations.

Station Set oC/Century, 11-Year Average Based on the Use of
Raw Data Adjusted Data
Rural (48) 0.11 0.58
Urban (48) 0.72 0.72
Rural + Urban (96) 0.47 0.65

The values in the table highlight four important considerations:

1) The rate of increase for rural locations, based on as-measured (raw) values, is small (if not, in effect, zero) at 0.11 oC/century.

2) There is definitely a UHIE in that the urban raw data has a rate of increase of 0.72oC/century. This tells us that man has caused warming in urban locations. This finding should not surprise anyone. On the other hand, because the rural value is 15% of the urban value, the UHIE has not caused warming in the rural locations, and it certainly has not caused a global sense of warming other than the aspect that the urban location values when averaged with the rural values produce an average increase which is larger than that of the rural alone.

3) The rural + urban value for the adjusted data, 0.65oC/century, is still less than the 0.69oC/century published by the NCDC. Thus, likely, there are more urban than rural sites used by the NCDC.

4) And this is the “Temperaturegate” aspect: The NCDC’s massaging — they call it “adjusting” — has resulted in an increase in the rural values, from a raw value of 0.11oC/century to an adjusted value of 0.58oC/century, and no change in the urban values. That is, the NCDC’s treatment has forced the rural value to look more like that of the urban. This is the exact opposite of any rational consideration, given the growth of the sizes of and activities within urban locations, unless deception is the goal.”

So Dr Long shows us that the vast 99 % of the global is adjusted upward to more nearly match the UHIE in the 1%.   So when you read that the globe is experiencing an unprecedented rise in global temperature,  can you believe it?

Dr Long’s full posting can be read here.

Lets look at other examples of manipulation:

SURFACE TEMPERATURE RECORDS: POLICY DRIVEN DECEPTION. See here

“RUSSIANS ACCUSE HADLEY CENTRE OF FALSIFYING RUSSIAN TEMPERATURES.  This posting can be seen here.

TOO HOT TO HANDLE.   This posting can be seen here.

CRITEM 3 ERROR GETTING ATTENTION BY MET OFFICE.  Click here.

BRITAIN’S WEATHER OFFICE PROPOSE CLIMATEGATE DO-OVER. Click here.

TIME TO TURN UP THE HEAT ON THE WARMISTS.  See here.

WHY CLIMATE SCIENTISTS ARE HURTING THEIR CAUSE.  See here.

THE HERETICS: MCINTYRE AND MCKITRICK  See here.

FUDGED FEVERS IN THE FROZEN NORTH.  See http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/02/21/fudged-fevers-in-the-frozen-north/

CONCENSUS OR CON.  See here.

THE DISAPPEARENCE SCIENCE  OF GLOBAL WARMING. See here.

WHY THE EPA IS WRONG ABOUT RECENT WARMING. See here.

Climategate 2.0 The NASA  Files.  See here

CLIMATEGATER JONES’S STUNNING GLOBAL WARMING ADMISSIONS IGNORED.  See here

CLIMATEGATE: PHIL JONES HAS MORE REFLECTING TO DO.  See here

CLIMATEGATE’S PHIL JONES CONFESSES OT CLIMATE FRAUD. See http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/02/climategates_phil_jones_confes.html.

WORLD MAY NOT BE WARMING, SCIENTISTS SAY.  SEE HERE

WHY THE EPA IS WRONG ABOUT RECENT WARMING.  SEE HERE

CLIMATEGATE”CRU WAS BUT THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG.  See here.

The IPCC Must Go-Part 1


It is satisfying to see the leaders of the Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW) theory discussing what should be done about the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in the wake of the scandals surrounding that organization.   Unfortunately, all they think is needed is a slight tweak here and another there.

What is it that they do not understand? The IPCC is irreparably broken. The IPCC report conclusions are based on science produced by fabulist masquerading as scientists and false prophets using their unproven computer forecasts. The foregoing are the people in charge of the IPCC input and output from the IPCC and should never be trusted again.

Next, the United Nations (UN) has demonstrated it isn’t an organization that can be trusted to provide impartial, honest leadership.   For example, following the expulsion of Iraq from Kuwait,  the Oil for Food program was designed to  allow Iraq to sell just enough oil to provide for the medical and food needs of its citizens.    The UN people in charge of the program siphoned off vast amounts of money for themselves and further allowed the moneys Iraq did receive to be used to line the pocket of Saddam Hussein.   We are now becoming aware of how misreporting of data in the 2007 IPCC climate report AR4 has been used to scam some funds.  The gold mine awaits these grifters, if they can control the use of carbon fuels and the sales of carbon credits.

Many national governments are using the global warming “threat” as a way to grab power.  The result of the cap and trade programs is really to tax and regulate.  This is the goal of every socialist society.  Others are using it to extract money from the developed nations.  On the surface most of these nations are asking for aid from the developed nations in the name of helping their people but history has shown that these despots usually keep the money  for themselves.  Neither of these groups necessarily believes the theory of man-made global warming, but they do like what the theory will allow them to do.  When asked about the details of the theory after the House passed their version of cap and trade last year,  Henry Waxman, Chairman of the Committee sponsoring the bill said he did not know anything about it but he said that did not matter to him.

The national governments are the enablers.  The last time I looked, the US alone had funded global warming studies to the tune of $5 billion.

So the IPCC must go.   It must be completely exposed for the hoax it has perpetuated.   Only then can the study of global climate be restarted having the appropriate protocols and controls so that  conclusions  based on the science, can be accepted with confidence.

In the next posting, we will show how the global temperature data has been manipulated to the point where it should not be accepted as proof of anything except blatant misrepresentation of facts.

Cbdakota

Weakness of AGW Theory: Part 5- Is it a Cult?


The ClimateGate Blog has a test to help you make up your mind if AGW is a cult.(OK,  so you are probably only wondering if it is cult or a religion.  Take the test, anyway.  Its fun .)

“Is belief in Anthropogenic Global Warming a cult? Apply this 100 point Cult Test and you tell us. Read each one, adding one point for each statement that rings as true. Total up the score and tell us, on a scale of 0 to 100, what you come up with. Well, it really should be a score between 1 to 100, as there can be no person alive, even if a member of the cult, that could not agree with point #1.
Cult leader Al Gore, is so “always right” that his devotees don’t even question the fact that he will debate no one. Ever. Anywhere. They laugh at this absurd notion, for He is The One. Others are unworthy to even stand in his presence.”

Here are the first 10..

1. The Guru is always right. “The Guru, his church, and his teachings are always right, and above criticism, and beyond reproach.”

2. You are always wrong. “Cult members are also told that they are in no way qualified to judge the Guru or his church. Should you disagree with the leader or his cult about anything, see Cult Rule Number One. Having negative emotions about the cult or its leader is a “defect” that needs to be fixed.”

3. No Exit. “There is simply no proper or honorable way to leave the cult. Period. To leave is to fail, to die, to be defeated by evil. To leave is to invite divine retribution.”

4. No Graduates. “No one ever learns as much as the Guru knows; no one ever rises to the level of the Guru’s wisdom, so no one ever finishes his or her training, and nobody ever graduates.”

5. Cult-speak. “The cult has its own language. The cult invents new terminology or euphemisms for many things. The cult may also redefine many common words to mean something quite different. Cult-speak is also called “bombastic redefinition of the familiar”, or “loading the language”.”

6. Group-think, Suppression of Dissent, and Enforced Conformity in Thinking “The cult has standard answers for almost everything, and members are expected to parrot those answers. Willfulness or independence or skeptical thinking is seen as bad. Members accept the leader’s reality as their own.”

7. Irrationality. “The beliefs of the cult are irrational, illogical, or superstitious, and fly in the face of evidence to the contrary.”

8. Suspension of disbelief. “The cult member is supposed to take on a childish naïveté, and simply believe whatever he is told, no matter how unlikely, unrealistic, irrational, illogical, or outrageous it may be. And he does.”

9. Denigration of competing sects, cults, religions, groups, or organizations. “This is commonplace, and hardly needs any explanation.”

10. Personal attacks on critics. “Anyone who criticizes the Guru, the cult or its dogma is attacked on a personal level.”

To read the all of the 100 point cult test,  click here

Cbdakota

January Global Temp Highest in 32 Year Satellite Record


The January global temperature had an anomaly of +0.72C, which is the warmest January in the 32 years of satellite temperature measurements.

Dr Spenser thinks this is probably a function of sea surface temperature and he says:

I’m sure part of the reason is warm El Nino conditions in the Pacific. Less certain is my guess that when the Northern Hemisphere continents are unusually cold in winter, then ocean surface temperatures, at least in the Northern Hemisphere, should be unusually warm. But this is just speculation on my part, based on the idea that cold continental air masses can intensify when they get land-locked, with less flow of maritime air masses over the continents, and less flow of cold air masses over the ocean. Maybe the Arctic Oscillation is an index of this, as a few of you have suggested, but I really don’t know.

Also, remember that there are always quasi-monthly oscillations in the amount of heat flux from the ocean to the atmosphere, primarily in the tropics, which is why a monthly up-tick in tropospheric temperatures is usually followed by a down-tick the next month, and vice-versa.

So, it could be that all factors simply conspired to give an unusually warm spike in January…only time will tell.

So keep tuned.  To see Spencer’s full post  click here.

Cbdakota

“Acid Seas-Back to Basic”


The AGWs talk a lot about acidification of the oceans.    Their cohorts have produced several documentaries purporting to explain to lay people what is happening as a result of increased atmospheric CO2. Produced just ahead of the failed Copenhagen meeting in December 2009, these documentaries were designed to get media attention to scare the citizens of the world.

But in fact the oceans are still alkaline and will likely remain so.

A posting in SPII “Acid Seas- Back to Basic” demonstrates what is really happening and how the IPCC and others have been misleading us.

Below is the Summary for Policy Makers for the SPII report.  As most of you understand pH, the first three points may be unneeded, but hang in there.    The rest does a good job of summarizing the issue.  A worrying part is that NGO seem to be getting a place at the table for the writing of the next IPCC report, AR5.   Hopefully the IPCC will be abolished or at least will find that they are under too much scrutiny to use NGO non peer reviewed papers like they did in the IPCC AR4.

3 ACID SEAS – BACK TO BASIC

by Dennis Ambler | January 26, 2010

SUMMARY FOR POLICY MAKERS

1. Emotional claims are being made that the oceans are turning to acid. Acidic and basic are two extremes that describe a chemical property. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is and ranges from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 (e.g. water) is neutral. A pH less than 7 is acidic. A pH greater than 7 is basic.

2. The pH scale is logarithmic and as a result, each whole pH value below 7 is ten times more acidic than the next higher value. For example, pH 4 is ten times more acidic than pH 5 and 100 times (10 times 10) more acidic than pH 6.

3. The same holds true for pH values above 7, each of which is ten times more alkaline (another way to say basic) than the next lower whole value. For example, pH 10 is ten times more alkaline than pH 9 and 100 times (10 times 10) more alkaline than pH 8.

4. IPCC WGI state that the mean pH of surface waters ranges between 7.9 and 8.3 in the open ocean, so the ocean remains alkaline. It is dishonest to present to a lay audience that any perceived reduction in alkalinity means the oceans are turning to acid.

5. The claim that “ocean acidity” has increased by 30% since before the industrial revolution was calculated from the estimated uptake of anthropogenic carbon between 1750 and 1994, which shows a decrease in alkalinity of 0.1 pH unit, well within the range quoted by IPCC.

6. One of the authors of a prominent paper used by IPCC, sits on specialist panels on other bodies, such as the Royal Society, that come to the same conclusions. This is then presented in a manner to imply a consensus view from an apparently independent separate body.

7. A separate critique of that paper suggests it relates to an extrapolation of 18 years of data to 2100 and even 2300.

8. At least one University is equating seawater with vinegar in an on-line presentation for schools. Vinegar, (acetic acid), has a pH of 2.5, almost a million times more acidic in terms of hydrogen ion activity than seawater. This is deliberate disinformation to young people.

9. There are many contrary peer reviewed papers challenging the claims about the impact of CO2 on the oceans. One survey highlights some one hundred and fifty such papers, most of them showing that we cannot possibly acidify the oceans. The IPCC claims to present the physical science basis for IPCC claims but confines itself to a very narrow range of research and ignores the contrary papers.

10. Authors of papers supporting the IPCC position are already involved in IPCC AR5 and in one case their host University also provides the Technical Support Unit for WGII.

11. NGO involvement in further scientific research into Ocean “acidification”, as they choose to call it, is clearly described on the web site of the UK Natural Environment Research Council, NERC, a grant awarding body.

12. NGO organisations cannot be held to have an independent scientific stance, they implicitly have an agenda. The use of non-peer-reviewed papers from NGO’s in IPCC AR4, is currently the subject of major criticism relating to false claims of glacier melting, Amazon forest degradation and Extreme Weather cost impacts. It appears that they will be welcome again in AR5.

To read the compete posting  click here.

Cbdakota

Hitler on Climate Change


In case you have missed it,  the You Tube “Hitler on Climate Change” is pretty funny.  Click here to watch.

Cbdakota

Weakness of the AGW Theory-Part 4. Atmospheric IR Absorption is Self Regulating


According to Dr Ferenc  Miskolczi, increases in CO2 levels have not increased the global average IR (longwaves) absorbing power of the atmosphere.

He adds:

Our atmosphere, with its infinite degree of freedom, is able to maintain its global average infrared absorption at an optimal level. In technical terms, this “greenhouse constant” is the total infrared optical thickness of the atmosphere, and its theoretical value is 1.87. Despite the 30 per cent increase of CO2 in the last 61 years, this value has not changed. The atmosphere is not increasing its absorption power as was predicted by the IPCC.

In theoretical radiative transfer, the absorbing power of infrared active gases are measured by the total infrared optical depth (TIOD). This dimensionless quantity is the negative natural logarithm of the ratio of the absorbed surface upward radiation by the atmosphere to the total emitted surface upward radiation.

With relatively simply computations, we show that in the last 61 years, despite the 30 percent increase in the atmospheric CO2 concentration, the cumulative greenhouse effect of all atmospheric greenhouse gases has not been changed – that is, the atmospheric TIOD is constant.

According to the most plausible explanation of the above fact, the equilibrium atmospheric H2O content is constrained with the theoretical optimal TIOD.

To read the complete posting , click here.

For other postings on AGW Theory weakness click here.

Cbdakota